Diabetes North Carolina

Diabetes North Carolina

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin (insulin resistance). Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. The cause of diabetes continues to be a mystery, although both genetics and environmental factors appear to play roles.

Types of Diabetes

Prediabetes – A condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes – is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 – Also called Juvenile Diabetes, generally develops in children and young people under the age of 30. A person with type 1 diabetes does not produce any insulin and needs insulin injections to control blood glucose levels. For additional information click here.

Type 2 – Generally occurs after the age of 30; now increasingly seen among youth and young adults. Over-weight/obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes, and it is mainly controlled with diet, exercise and medication.

Gestational – Occurs in some pregnant women who never had diabetes before but experience high glucose levels during pregnancy. Although gestational diabetes goes away after the baby is born, a women who has had it is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.